Woburn Challenge 2001 - Suicidal

Tuesday - Temptation Island

On Monday, the number of frosh were reduced in half. To further reduce the number of engineers to a manageable number, the following challenge was devised for the second day. Each of the students would have to take this challenge individually.

Each student would be placed at a vertex of perimeter fence of Waterloo (oh yeah, some background: to keep UofT’s engineering Lady Godiva band out of Waterloo, a fence was erected surrounding the university. The fence just happens to be an N-gon). At some other vertex along the fence would be located a temptation so seductive that no Waterloo student could resist – an extra-credit assignment. The challenge of each student is to go from his starting vertex to the vertex with the prize. There are, however, 3 rules:

  1. The student can only travel from vertex to vertex (backwards or forwards) along the polygonal fence.
  2. The student has to make contact with exactly K vertices (the vertex he starts at doesn’t count unless he returns to it). The K vertices need not be unique. The final vertex has to be the one with the prize.
  3. If the student cannot reach the prize and make contact with exactly K vertices, he fails the test and is kicked out of the university.

Of course, no Waterloo student is satisfied with only 1 solution to any problem. Therefore, inevitably, each student determines all ways that he/she can win. Note that there may be no solution to the problem (the astute student has figured out that this will result in a class size of 0 – this is entirely allowable as the variable used to quantify enrollment was incorrectly defined as a whole number instead of a natural number).


N K (N, K ≤ 50)
A B (A = the starting vertex number, B = destination vertex number)

There will be multiple test cases, one after another: a case where N = -1, K = -1 terminates input.


The total number of ways of reaching the destination from the starting point by following the above rules. The total number of ways will be less than 2,147,483,647 (ie. a longint). Output 0 if there are no solutions.

Sample Input

8 5
1 4
-1 -1

Sample Output


All Submissions
Best Solutions

Point Value: 10
Time Limit: 2.00s
Memory Limit: 16M
Added: Dec 05, 2008

Languages Allowed:

Comments (Search)

Good answer.

No wonder you got -4 rating -.-


and I didn't use a math formula.
Although it seems like there is one for some reason.

There is a sort of math formula.
(It involves N choose K)
It probably isn't easier than the 'regular' way.

need to generate some math formula?

There are 4 numbers for every test case:
N and K are different every time.

or is there a person on every vertex

What do you mean?
There is only one student trying to get from the start to the end. The 'other students' are irrelevant.