National Olympiad in Informatics, China, 2007

Day 1, Problem 2 - Cash Exchange

Little Y has recently been working at a currency exchange center. The currency exchange center only offers two types of vouchers to be exchanged: commemorative voucher A (henceforth known as voucher A) and commemorative voucher B (henceforth known as voucher B). All voucher-holding customers possess their very own account. The quantity of vouchers a customer has may be a real number.

Rising and falling daily with the waves of the market, the two types of vouchers each has their own values at any given time, and each unit of a voucher can be traded that day for some amount of cash. We note that on day K, the values of voucher A and voucher B are respectively AK and BK (dollars/unit voucher).

To make it more convenient for customers, the exchange center offers a very easy system to make transactions: the ratio exchange method. There are two different aspects to the ratio exchange method:

  1. Selling vouchers: the customer provides a real number OP in the range [0, 100] as the selling ratio. This means that OP% of voucher A and OP% of voucher B are exchanged for cash with the rate at that point in time.
  2. Buying vouchers: the customer pays IP dollars, and the exchange center takes this money to exchange it for vouchers. Furthermore, the ratio between the value of voucher A and voucher B on day K just happens to be RateK.

For example, let's assume for the next 3 three days the following changes in the values of AK, BK, and RateK:

Day 1111
Day 2122
Day 3223

Let's say that on one day, a customer has 100 dollars but no vouchers of any kind. The customer carry out the following transactions:

TimeTransactionCash (Dollars)Voucher AVoucher B
Day 1Buy – 100 dollars05050
Day 2Sell – 50%752525
Day 2Buy – 60 dollars155540
Day 3Sell – 100%20500

Note that there may be multiple transactions on a single day.

Little Y is a very economically-minded worker. After a relatively long time conducting operations and market estimates, he already knows within the future N days what the values of vouchers A and B, as well as rate will be. He wishes to calculate, if one starts with S dollars, what is the maximum amount of cash (in dollars) that can be obtained after N days.

Input Format

The first line contains two positive integers N and S, representing the number of days that little Y's can foresee and the starting amount of cash respectively.
Within the next N lines, the K-th line contains three real numbers AK, BK, and RateK.

Output Format

Output a single real number MaxProfit, indicating the maximum amount of cash in dollars that can be obtained after all operations on the N-th day has finished, accurate to 3 decimal places. Your answer will be considered correct if its absolute difference with the correct answer is no larger than 0.001.

Sample Input

3 100
1 1 1
1 2 2
2 2 3

Sample Output



TimeTransactionCash (Dollars)Voucher AVoucher B
Day 1Buy – 100 dollars05050
Day 2Sell – 100%15000
Day 2Buy – 150 dollars07537.5
Day 3Sell – 100%22500


The test data ensures that the precision needed for calculations will not exceed 10−7.
For 40% of the test cases, N ≤ 10;
For 60% of the test cases, N ≤ 1 000;
For 100% of the test cases, N ≤ 100 000;
For 100% of the test cases:

  • 0 < AK ≤ 10;
  • 0 < BK ≤ 10;
  • 0 < RateK ≤ 100;
  • MaxProfit ≤ 109.


The input may be very large, please use faster methods of input.
There must be an optimal series of transaction satisfying the conditions:

  • each buying transaction uses up all of the cash, and
  • each selling transaction sells all of the vouchers.

All Submissions
Best Solutions

Point Value: 30 (partial)
Time Limit: 1.00s
Memory Limit: 256M
Added: Jul 25, 2014

Languages Allowed:

Comments (Search)

For test case 5 you can submit any number within ± a thousandth of correct answer and still get AC, ie. if the answer was 30000 submitting any number in [29970, 30030] would AC

You're correct; there was an error in the floating point checker. I've fixed it and am in the process of rejudging submissions.

Edit: Rejudging is complete. The only users that was affected was kobortor. I only rejudged submissions that had an impact on a user's points, so I did not re-run your test submission.

Thanks for your report.