2009 Canadian Computing Competition, Stage 1

Problem S2: The Lights Going On and Off

For your birthday, you have been given a grid of R (1 < R < 30) rows of lights, with each row containing L (1 ≤ L < 8) lights. Lights can be in one of two states: on or off. For this question, the topmost row is row R, and the bottom-most row is row 1. Also, beside all rows except the topmost row (row R), there is a button which can be pushed.

Pushing the button beside row k (1 ≤ k < R) will peform an "exclusive-or" operation on each light of row k, which is described below. Consider column i in row k, where 1 ≤ i ≤ L. If the lights in column i of row k and column i of row k + 1 are both the same (i.e., both on, or both off), then pushing the button beside row k will cause the light in column i of row k to be off. If the lights in column i of row k and column i of row k + 1 are different (i.e., one is on, and the other is off), then pushing the button beside row k will cause the light in column i of row k to be on. An example is shown below, for L = 4:

Column Numbers 1 2 3 4
Row k+1 on on off off
Row k before button pushed on off on off
Row k after button pushed off on on off

You are told which lights are initially on and which are initially off. You must calculate how many different light patterns are possible for the bottom row by any sequence of button pushes. Each button may only be pressed once, but in any order.

Input

The first line of input will contain the integer R, the number of rows. The second line of input will contain the integer L, the number of lights per row. The next R lines of input will contain L integers, where the integer will either be 0 (to indicate "off") or 1 (to indicate "on"). Pairs of consecutive integers will be separated by one space character. These R lines will be given in topdown order: that is, the third line of input will be the description of row R, the fourth line will be R = 1, and so on, until the last line describes the bottom row.

Output

Output the number of possible light patterns of the bottom row.

Sample Input

4
3
0 0 1
0 1 1
1 0 1
0 0 1

Sample Output

4

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Point Value: 10
Time Limit: 2.00s
Memory Limit: 16M
Added: May 10, 2009

Languages Allowed:
C++03, PAS, C, HASK, ASM, RUBY, PYTH2, JAVA, PHP, SCM, CAML, PERL, C#, C++11, PYTH3

Comments (Search)

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"the fourth line will be R = 1" -> "the fourth line will be R-1"

Not a typo. The fourth row R will be row number 1, so it'll be the row R = 1.